Source code for aiohttp.web_app

import asyncio
import logging
import warnings
from functools import partial, update_wrapper
from typing import (

from aiosignal import Signal
from frozenlist import FrozenList

from . import hdrs
from .abc import (
from .helpers import DEBUG, AppKey
from .http_parser import RawRequestMessage
from .log import web_logger
from .streams import StreamReader
from .typedefs import Middleware
from .web_exceptions import NotAppKeyWarning
from .web_log import AccessLogger
from .web_middlewares import _fix_request_current_app
from .web_protocol import RequestHandler
from .web_request import Request
from .web_response import StreamResponse
from .web_routedef import AbstractRouteDef
from .web_server import Server
from .web_urldispatcher import (

__all__ = ("Application", "CleanupError")

    _AppSignal = Signal[Callable[["Application"], Awaitable[None]]]
    _RespPrepareSignal = Signal[Callable[[Request, StreamResponse], Awaitable[None]]]
    _Middlewares = FrozenList[Middleware]
    _MiddlewaresHandlers = Optional[Sequence[Tuple[Middleware, bool]]]
    _Subapps = List["Application"]
    # No type checker mode, skip types
    _AppSignal = Signal
    _RespPrepareSignal = Signal
    _Middlewares = FrozenList
    _MiddlewaresHandlers = Optional[Sequence]
    _Subapps = List

_T = TypeVar("_T")
_U = TypeVar("_U")

[docs] class Application(MutableMapping[Union[str, AppKey[Any]], Any]): ATTRS = frozenset( [ "logger", "_debug", "_router", "_loop", "_handler_args", "_middlewares", "_middlewares_handlers", "_run_middlewares", "_state", "_frozen", "_pre_frozen", "_subapps", "_on_response_prepare", "_on_startup", "_on_shutdown", "_on_cleanup", "_client_max_size", "_cleanup_ctx", ] ) def __init__( self, *, logger: logging.Logger = web_logger, router: Optional[UrlDispatcher] = None, middlewares: Iterable[Middleware] = (), handler_args: Optional[Mapping[str, Any]] = None, client_max_size: int = 1024**2, loop: Optional[asyncio.AbstractEventLoop] = None, debug: Any = ..., # mypy doesn't support ellipsis ) -> None: if router is None: router = UrlDispatcher() else: warnings.warn( "router argument is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) assert isinstance(router, AbstractRouter), router if loop is not None: warnings.warn( "loop argument is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) if debug is not ...: warnings.warn( "debug argument is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) self._debug = debug self._router: UrlDispatcher = router self._loop = loop self._handler_args = handler_args self.logger = logger self._middlewares: _Middlewares = FrozenList(middlewares) # initialized on freezing self._middlewares_handlers: _MiddlewaresHandlers = None # initialized on freezing self._run_middlewares: Optional[bool] = None self._state: Dict[Union[AppKey[Any], str], object] = {} self._frozen = False self._pre_frozen = False self._subapps: _Subapps = [] self._on_response_prepare: _RespPrepareSignal = Signal(self) self._on_startup: _AppSignal = Signal(self) self._on_shutdown: _AppSignal = Signal(self) self._on_cleanup: _AppSignal = Signal(self) self._cleanup_ctx = CleanupContext() self._on_startup.append(self._cleanup_ctx._on_startup) self._on_cleanup.append(self._cleanup_ctx._on_cleanup) self._client_max_size = client_max_size def __init_subclass__(cls: Type["Application"]) -> None: warnings.warn( "Inheritance class {} from web.Application " "is discouraged".format(cls.__name__), DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) if DEBUG: # pragma: no cover def __setattr__(self, name: str, val: Any) -> None: if name not in self.ATTRS: warnings.warn( "Setting custom web.Application.{} attribute " "is discouraged".format(name), DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) super().__setattr__(name, val) # MutableMapping API def __eq__(self, other: object) -> bool: return self is other @overload # type: ignore[override] def __getitem__(self, key: AppKey[_T]) -> _T: ... @overload def __getitem__(self, key: str) -> Any: ... def __getitem__(self, key: Union[str, AppKey[_T]]) -> Any: return self._state[key] def _check_frozen(self) -> None: if self._frozen: warnings.warn( "Changing state of started or joined " "application is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) @overload # type: ignore[override] def __setitem__(self, key: AppKey[_T], value: _T) -> None: ... @overload def __setitem__(self, key: str, value: Any) -> None: ... def __setitem__(self, key: Union[str, AppKey[_T]], value: Any) -> None: self._check_frozen() if not isinstance(key, AppKey): warnings.warn( "It is recommended to use web.AppKey instances for keys.\n" + "" + "#application-s-config", category=NotAppKeyWarning, stacklevel=2, ) self._state[key] = value def __delitem__(self, key: Union[str, AppKey[_T]]) -> None: self._check_frozen() del self._state[key] def __len__(self) -> int: return len(self._state) def __iter__(self) -> Iterator[Union[str, AppKey[Any]]]: return iter(self._state) @overload # type: ignore[override] def get(self, key: AppKey[_T], default: None = ...) -> Optional[_T]: ... @overload def get(self, key: AppKey[_T], default: _U) -> Union[_T, _U]: ... @overload def get(self, key: str, default: Any = ...) -> Any: ... def get(self, key: Union[str, AppKey[_T]], default: Any = None) -> Any: return self._state.get(key, default) ######## @property def loop(self) -> asyncio.AbstractEventLoop: # Technically the loop can be None # but we mask it by explicit type cast # to provide more convenient type annotation warnings.warn("loop property is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) return cast(asyncio.AbstractEventLoop, self._loop) def _set_loop(self, loop: Optional[asyncio.AbstractEventLoop]) -> None: if loop is None: loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() if self._loop is not None and self._loop is not loop: raise RuntimeError( "web.Application instance initialized with different loop" ) self._loop = loop # set loop debug if self._debug is ...: self._debug = loop.get_debug() # set loop to sub applications for subapp in self._subapps: subapp._set_loop(loop) @property def pre_frozen(self) -> bool: return self._pre_frozen def pre_freeze(self) -> None: if self._pre_frozen: return self._pre_frozen = True self._middlewares.freeze() self._router.freeze() self._on_response_prepare.freeze() self._cleanup_ctx.freeze() self._on_startup.freeze() self._on_shutdown.freeze() self._on_cleanup.freeze() self._middlewares_handlers = tuple(self._prepare_middleware()) # If current app and any subapp do not have middlewares avoid run all # of the code footprint that it implies, which have a middleware # hardcoded per app that sets up the current_app attribute. If no # middlewares are configured the handler will receive the proper # current_app without needing all of this code. self._run_middlewares = True if self.middlewares else False for subapp in self._subapps: subapp.pre_freeze() self._run_middlewares = self._run_middlewares or subapp._run_middlewares @property def frozen(self) -> bool: return self._frozen def freeze(self) -> None: if self._frozen: return self.pre_freeze() self._frozen = True for subapp in self._subapps: subapp.freeze() @property def debug(self) -> bool: warnings.warn("debug property is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) return self._debug # type: ignore[no-any-return] def _reg_subapp_signals(self, subapp: "Application") -> None: def reg_handler(signame: str) -> None: subsig = getattr(subapp, signame) async def handler(app: "Application") -> None: await subsig.send(subapp) appsig = getattr(self, signame) appsig.append(handler) reg_handler("on_startup") reg_handler("on_shutdown") reg_handler("on_cleanup")
[docs] def add_subapp(self, prefix: str, subapp: "Application") -> AbstractResource: if not isinstance(prefix, str): raise TypeError("Prefix must be str") prefix = prefix.rstrip("/") if not prefix: raise ValueError("Prefix cannot be empty") factory = partial(PrefixedSubAppResource, prefix, subapp) return self._add_subapp(factory, subapp)
def _add_subapp( self, resource_factory: Callable[[], AbstractResource], subapp: "Application" ) -> AbstractResource: if self.frozen: raise RuntimeError("Cannot add sub application to frozen application") if subapp.frozen: raise RuntimeError("Cannot add frozen application") resource = resource_factory() self.router.register_resource(resource) self._reg_subapp_signals(subapp) self._subapps.append(subapp) subapp.pre_freeze() if self._loop is not None: subapp._set_loop(self._loop) return resource
[docs] def add_domain(self, domain: str, subapp: "Application") -> AbstractResource: if not isinstance(domain, str): raise TypeError("Domain must be str") elif "*" in domain: rule: Domain = MaskDomain(domain) else: rule = Domain(domain) factory = partial(MatchedSubAppResource, rule, subapp) return self._add_subapp(factory, subapp)
[docs] def add_routes(self, routes: Iterable[AbstractRouteDef]) -> List[AbstractRoute]: return self.router.add_routes(routes)
@property def on_response_prepare(self) -> _RespPrepareSignal: return self._on_response_prepare @property def on_startup(self) -> _AppSignal: return self._on_startup @property def on_shutdown(self) -> _AppSignal: return self._on_shutdown @property def on_cleanup(self) -> _AppSignal: return self._on_cleanup @property def cleanup_ctx(self) -> "CleanupContext": return self._cleanup_ctx @property def router(self) -> UrlDispatcher: return self._router @property def middlewares(self) -> _Middlewares: return self._middlewares def _make_handler( self, *, loop: Optional[asyncio.AbstractEventLoop] = None, access_log_class: Type[AbstractAccessLogger] = AccessLogger, **kwargs: Any, ) -> Server: if not issubclass(access_log_class, AbstractAccessLogger): raise TypeError( "access_log_class must be subclass of " ", got {}".format(access_log_class) ) self._set_loop(loop) self.freeze() kwargs["debug"] = self._debug kwargs["access_log_class"] = access_log_class if self._handler_args: for k, v in self._handler_args.items(): kwargs[k] = v return Server( self._handle, # type: ignore[arg-type] request_factory=self._make_request, loop=self._loop, **kwargs, )
[docs] def make_handler( self, *, loop: Optional[asyncio.AbstractEventLoop] = None, access_log_class: Type[AbstractAccessLogger] = AccessLogger, **kwargs: Any, ) -> Server: warnings.warn( "Application.make_handler(...) is deprecated, " "use AppRunner API instead", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self._make_handler( loop=loop, access_log_class=access_log_class, **kwargs )
[docs] async def startup(self) -> None: """Causes on_startup signal Should be called in the event loop along with the request handler. """ await self.on_startup.send(self)
[docs] async def shutdown(self) -> None: """Causes on_shutdown signal Should be called before cleanup() """ await self.on_shutdown.send(self)
[docs] async def cleanup(self) -> None: """Causes on_cleanup signal Should be called after shutdown() """ if self.on_cleanup.frozen: await self.on_cleanup.send(self) else: # If an exception occurs in startup, ensure cleanup contexts are completed. await self._cleanup_ctx._on_cleanup(self)
def _make_request( self, message: RawRequestMessage, payload: StreamReader, protocol: RequestHandler, writer: AbstractStreamWriter, task: "asyncio.Task[None]", _cls: Type[Request] = Request, ) -> Request: return _cls( message, payload, protocol, writer, task, self._loop, client_max_size=self._client_max_size, ) def _prepare_middleware(self) -> Iterator[Tuple[Middleware, bool]]: for m in reversed(self._middlewares): if getattr(m, "__middleware_version__", None) == 1: yield m, True else: warnings.warn( 'old-style middleware "{!r}" deprecated, ' "see #2252".format(m), DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) yield m, False yield _fix_request_current_app(self), True async def _handle(self, request: Request) -> StreamResponse: loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() debug = loop.get_debug() match_info = await self._router.resolve(request) if debug: # pragma: no cover if not isinstance(match_info, AbstractMatchInfo): raise TypeError( "match_info should be AbstractMatchInfo " "instance, not {!r}".format(match_info) ) match_info.add_app(self) match_info.freeze() resp = None request._match_info = match_info expect = request.headers.get(hdrs.EXPECT) if expect: resp = await match_info.expect_handler(request) await request.writer.drain() if resp is None: handler = match_info.handler if self._run_middlewares: for app in match_info.apps[::-1]: for m, new_style in app._middlewares_handlers: # type: ignore[union-attr] if new_style: handler = update_wrapper( partial(m, handler=handler), handler ) else: handler = await m(app, handler) # type: ignore[arg-type,assignment] resp = await handler(request) return resp def __call__(self) -> "Application": """gunicorn compatibility""" return self def __repr__(self) -> str: return f"<Application 0x{id(self):x}>" def __bool__(self) -> bool: return True
class CleanupError(RuntimeError): @property def exceptions(self) -> List[BaseException]: return cast(List[BaseException], self.args[1]) if TYPE_CHECKING: _CleanupContextBase = FrozenList[Callable[[Application], AsyncIterator[None]]] else: _CleanupContextBase = FrozenList class CleanupContext(_CleanupContextBase): def __init__(self) -> None: super().__init__() self._exits: List[AsyncIterator[None]] = [] async def _on_startup(self, app: Application) -> None: for cb in self: it = cb(app).__aiter__() await it.__anext__() self._exits.append(it) async def _on_cleanup(self, app: Application) -> None: errors = [] for it in reversed(self._exits): try: await it.__anext__() except StopAsyncIteration: pass except Exception as exc: errors.append(exc) else: errors.append(RuntimeError(f"{it!r} has more than one 'yield'")) if errors: if len(errors) == 1: raise errors[0] else: raise CleanupError("Multiple errors on cleanup stage", errors)