Instructions for contributors¶
In order to make a clone of the GitHub repo: open the link and press the “Fork” button on the upper-right menu of the web page.
I hope everybody knows how to work with git and github nowadays :)
Workflow is pretty straightforward:
Make sure you are reading the latest version of this document. It can be found in the GitHub repo in the
Clone the GitHub repo using the
Setup your machine with the required development environment
Make a change
Make sure all tests passed
Add a file into the
CHANGESfolder (see Changelog update for how).
Commit changes to your own aiohttp clone
Make a pull request from the github page of your clone against the master branch
Optionally make backport Pull Request(s) for landing a bug fix into released aiohttp versions.
The project uses Squash-and-Merge strategy for GitHub Merge button.
Basically it means that there is no need to rebase a Pull Request against
master branch. Just
git merge master into your working copy (a fork) if
needed. The Pull Request is automatically squashed into the single commit
once the PR is accepted.
GitHub issue and pull request threads are automatically locked when there has not been any recent activity for one year. Please open a new issue for related bugs.
If you feel like there are important points in the locked discussions, please include those excerpts into that new issue.
Preconditions for running aiohttp test suite¶
We expect you to use a python virtual environment to run our tests.
There are several ways to make a virtual environment.
If you like to use virtualenv please run:
$ cd aiohttp $ virtualenv --python=`which python3` venv $ . venv/bin/activate
For standard python venv:
$ cd aiohttp $ python3 -m venv venv $ . venv/bin/activate
$ cd aiohttp $ mkvirtualenv --python=`which python3` aiohttp
There are other tools like pyvenv but you know the rule of thumb now: create a python3 virtual environment and activate it.
After that please install libraries required for development:
$ pip install -r requirements/dev.txt
For now, the development tooling depends on
make and assumes an Unix OS If you wish to contribute to aiohttp from a Windows machine, the easiest way is probably to configure the WSL so you can use the same instructions. If it’s not possible for you or if it doesn’t work, please contact us so we can find a solution together.
Install pre-commit hooks:
$ pre-commit install
If you plan to use temporary
ipdb within the test suite, execute it with
$ pytest tests -s
in order to run the tests without output capturing.
Congratulations, you are ready to run the test suite!
When building aiohttp from source, there is a pure Python parser used by default. For better performance, you may want to build the higher performance C parser.
To build this
llhttp parser, first get/update the submodules (to update to a
newer release, add
git submodule update --init --recursive
cd vendor/llhttp/ npm install make
Then build our parser:
cd - make cythonize
Then you can build or install it with
python -m build or
pip install -e .
$ make fmt
Run aiohttp test suite¶
After all the preconditions are met you can run tests typing the next command:
$ make test
The command at first will run the linters (sorry, we don’t accept pull requests with pyflakes, black, isort, or mypy errors).
On lint success the tests will be run.
Please take a look on the produced output.
Any extra texts (print statements and so on) should be removed.
If you see that CI build is failing on a specific Python version and you don’t have this version on your computer, you can use the helper to run it (only if you have docker):
For example, if you want to run tests for python3.10 without extensions, you can run this command:
We are trying hard to have good test coverage; please don’t make it worse.
$ make cov-dev
to run test suite and collect coverage information. Once the command
has finished check your coverage at the file that appears in the last
line of the output:
Please go to the link and make sure that your code change is covered.
The project uses codecov.io for storing coverage results. Visit https://codecov.io/gh/aio-libs/aiohttp for looking on coverage of master branch, history, pull requests etc.
The browser extension https://docs.codecov.io/docs/browser-extension is highly recommended for analyzing the coverage just in Files Changed tab on GitHub Pull Request review page.
We encourage documentation improvements.
Please before making a Pull Request about documentation changes run:
$ make doc
Once it finishes it will output the index html page
Go to the link and make sure your doc changes looks good.
sphinxcontrib-spelling for running spell
checker for documentation:
$ make doc-spelling
Unfortunately there are problems with running spell checker on MacOS X.
To run spell checker on Linux box you should install it first:
$ sudo apt-get install enchant $ pip install sphinxcontrib-spelling
CHANGES.rst file is managed using towncrier tool and all non trivial
changes must be accompanied by a news entry.
To add an entry to the news file, first you need to have created an issue describing the change you want to make. A Pull Request itself may function as such, but it is preferred to have a dedicated issue (for example, in case the PR ends up rejected due to code quality reasons).
Once you have an issue or pull request, you take the number and you
create a file inside of the
CHANGES/ directory named after that
issue number with an extension of
.doc. Thus if your issue or PR number is
this change is fixing a bug, then you would create a file
CHANGES/1234.bugfix. PRs can span multiple categories by creating
multiple files (for instance, if you added a feature and
deprecated/removed the old feature at the same time, you would create
CHANGES/NNNN.removal). Likewise if a PR touches
multiple issues/PRs you may create a file for each of them with the
exact same contents and Towncrier will deduplicate them.
The contents of this file are reStructuredText formatted text that will be used as the content of the news file entry. You do not need to reference the issue or PR numbers here as towncrier will automatically add a reference to all of the affected issues when rendering the news file.
Making a Pull Request¶
After finishing all steps make a GitHub Pull Request with master base branch.
All Pull Requests are created against master git branch.
If the Pull Request is not a new functionality but bug fixing backport to maintenance branch would be desirable.
aiohttp project committer may ask for making a backport of the PR into maintained branch(es), in this case he or she adds a github label like needs backport to 3.1.
- Backporting is performed after main PR merging into master.
Please do the following steps:
Find Pull Request’s commit for cherry-picking.
aiohttp does squashing PRs on merging, so open your PR page on github and scroll down to message like
asvetlov merged commit f7b8921 into master 9 days ago.
f7b8921is the required commit number.
Run cherry_picker tool for making backport PR (the tool is already pre-installed from
cherry_picker f7b8921 3.1.
In case of conflicts fix them and continue cherry-picking by
cherry_picker --abortstops the process.
cherry_picker --statusshows current cherry-picking status (like
After all conflicts are done the tool opens a New Pull Request page in a browser with pre-filed information. Create a backport Pull Request and wait for review/merging.
aiohttp committer should remove backport Git label after merging the backport.
How to become an aiohttp committer¶
The easiest way is providing Pull Requests for issues in our bug tracker. But if you have a great idea for the library improvement – please make an issue and Pull Request.
The rules for committers are simple:
No wild commits! Everything should go through PRs.
Take a part in reviews. It’s very important part of maintainer’s activity.
Pickup issues created by others, especially if they are simple.
Keep test suite comprehensive. In practice it means leveling up coverage. 97% is not bad but we wish to have 100% someday. Well, 99% is good target too.
Don’t hesitate to improve our docs. Documentation is a very important thing, it’s the key for project success. The documentation should not only cover our public API but help newbies to start using the project and shed a light on non-obvious gotchas.
After positive answer aiohttp committer creates an issue on github with the proposal for nomination. If the proposal will collect only positive votes and no strong objection – you’ll be a new member in our team.